Histopathology is a crucial discipline focused on diagnosing and studying diseases of tissues. Histopathologists, who are specialized doctors, play a vital role in making tissue diagnoses and assisting clinicians in managing patient care effectively.

Histopathologists work closely with various clinical specialties and utilize biopsy samples to reach diagnoses. Biopsies involve obtaining small pieces of tissue from organs such as the skin, liver, kidney, or other areas of concern. These tissue samples are then meticulously examined under a microscope to identify cellular changes that may explain the patient’s illness.

Histopathologists provide a diagnostic service for cancer by analyzing cells and tissues removed from suspicious growths. They determine the nature of abnormalities and provide valuable information to clinicians regarding the type of cancer, its grade, and, in some cases, its responsiveness to specific treatments.

Advancements in imaging techniques have enabled the acquisition of biopsy tissue from previously inaccessible sites, such as the pancreas or retroperitoneum. After tissue collection, it undergoes processing before histopathologists examine it under a microscope.

Incorporating molecular pathology techniques like fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has revolutionized cancer management. These methods allow pathologists to analyze genetic material in tissues or tumors, providing crucial insights for treatment planning.

Tests conducted in the Histopathology department typically include:

  • Small Biopsy
  • Medium Biopsy
  • Large Biopsy

These tests involve the examination of tissue samples to identify abnormalities and provide accurate diagnoses. Histopathologists utilize their expertise and cutting-edge techniques to ensure the highest standards of diagnostic precision, ultimately contributing to improved patient outcomes and quality of care.